Governing Vessel 督脉

Chang Qiang 長強 (GV 1)

TRANSLATION: Lasting Strength
TYPE: Luo-Connecting point
LOCATION: On the midline, midway between tip of coccyx and anus
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Chang Qiang 長強 (GV 1)

TRANSLATION: Lasting Strength
TYPE: Luo-Connecting point
LOCATION: On the midline, midway between tip of coccyx and anus
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Yao Shu 腰俞 (GV 2)

TRANSLATION: Lumbar Hollow; Low Back Transporter
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On the midline, in the hiatus of the sacrum
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Yao Yang Guan 腰陽關 (GV 3)

TRANSLATION: Lumbar's Yang Hinge; Low Back Yang Passage
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below the spinous process of 4th lumbar vertebrae, level with crista iliaca
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Ming Men 命門 (GV 4)

TRANSLATION: Gate of Life; Life Gate
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 2nd lumbar vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Xuan Shu 懸樞 (GV 5)

TRANSLATION: Suspended Axis; Suspended Pivot
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 1st lumbar vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Ji Shong 脊中 (GV 6)

TRANSLATION: Middle of Spine
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 11th thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 70° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Zhong Shu 中樞 (GV 7)

TRANSLATION: Central Axis; Central Pivot
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 10th thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 70° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Jin Suo 筋縮 (GV 8)

TRANSLATION: Sinew Shrinking; Muscle Spasm
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 9th thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Zhi Yang 至陽 (GV 9)

TRANSLATION: Reaching Yang
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 7th thoracic vertebrae, approximately level with inferior angle of scapula
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Ling Tai 霊台 (GV 10)

TRANSLATION: Spirit Tower; Spirit Platform
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 6th thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Shen Dao 神道 (GV 11)

TRANSLATION: Spirit Path; Way of the Spirit
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 5th thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Shen Zhu 身柱 (GV 12)

TRANSLATION: Body Pillar
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 3rd thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 70° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Tao Dao 陶道 (GV 13)

TRANSLATION: Moulded Path; Way of the Pot
TYPE:  
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 1st thoracic vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 70° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Da Zhui 大椎 (GV 14)

TRANSLATION: Big Vertebra
TYPE: Sea of Qi, Meeting point of the Six Yang channels of the hand and foot
LOCATION: Below spinous process of 7th cervical vertebrae, approximately level with shoulders
NEEDLE INSERTION: 70° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Ya Men 瘂門 (GV 15)

TRANSLATION: Gate of Muteness
TYPE: Sea of Qi
LOCATION: 0.5 cun directly above midpoint of posterior hairline, in depression below 1st cervical vertebrae
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° slightly inferior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Feng Fu 風府 (GV 16)

TRANSLATION: Wind Palace
TYPE: Sea of Marrow, Ghost point, Window of the Sky point
LOCATION: 1 cun directly above midpoint of posterior hairline, directly below external occipital protuberance, in depression of trapezius muscle on both sides
NEEDLE INSERTION: 90° slightly inferior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Nao Hu 腦戶 (GV 17)

TRANSLATION: Brain Window
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On midline of head, 1.5 cun directly above GV 16, superior to external occipital protruberance
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° superior or inferior along midline
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Qiang Jian 強間 (GV 18)

TRANSLATION: Unyielding Space
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On midline of head, 1.5 cun directly above GV 17, midway between GV 16 and GV 20
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Hou Ding 後頂 (GV 19)

TRANSLATION: Behind the Vertex
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On midline of head, 1.5 cun directly above GV 18
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Tianman 百會 (GV 20)

TRANSLATION: Celestial Fullness; One Hundred Meetings
TYPE: Sea of Marrow
LOCATION: On midline of head, 7 cun directly above posterior hairline, approximately on midpoint of line connecting apices of the auricles
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Qian Ding 前頂 (GV 21)

TRANSLATION: Before the Vertex
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On midline of head, 1.5 cun anterior to GV 20
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Xin Hui 囟會 (GV 22)

TRANSLATION: Fontanel Meeting
TYPE:  
LOCATION: 2 cun posterior to midpoint of anterior hairline 3 cun anterior to GV 20
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Shang Xing 上星 (GV 23)

TRANSLATION: Upper Star
TYPE: Ghost point
LOCATION: 1 cun directly above midpoint of anterior hairline
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Shen Ting 神庭 (GV 24)

TRANSLATION: Courtyard of the Spirit
TYPE:  
LOCATION: 0.5 cun directly above the midpt of the anterior hairline
NEEDLE INSERTION: 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Su Liao 素髎 (GV 25)

TRANSLATION: White Seam; Plain Space
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On the tip of the nose
NEEDLE INSERTION: a) 90° insertion, b) 5° superior insertion, c) Prick to bleed
NEEDLE DEPTH: a) 0.2-0.3 cun, b) 0.5-1.0 cun

Ren Zhong 人中 (GV 26)

TRANSLATION: Human Center
TYPE: Ghost point
LOCATION: 0.5 cun on the midpoint of the philtrum, near the nostrils
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.3-0.5 cun

Dui Duan 兌端 (GV 27)

TRANSLATION: Exchange Terminus
TYPE:  
LOCATION: On median tubercle of upper lip at the junction of skin and upper lip
NEEDLE INSERTION: 45° superior insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.2-0.3 cun

Yin Jiao 齦交 (GV 28)

TRANSLATION: Gum Junction
TYPE:  
LOCATION: At the junction of the gum and the frenulum of the upper lip
NEEDLE INSERTION: a) 45° superior insertion, b) prick to bleed
NEEDLE DEPTH: a) 0.2-0.3 cun, b) prick to bleed