Small Intestine Meridian 小肠经

Shao Ze (SI 1)

TRANSLATION:Lesser Marsh
TYPE:Jing-well, Metal
LOCATION:On the ulnar side of the little finger, about 0.1 cun posterior to the corner of the nail.
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion directed proximally
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.1-0.2 cun or prick to bleed

Qian Gu (SI 2)

TRANSLATION:Forward Valley; Front Valley
TYPE:Ying-spring, Water
LOCATION:On the ulnar border of the little finger, in a depresion just distal to the metacarpo-phalangeal joint, at the junction of red & white skin
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 45° distal instertion, b) 70° insertion towards palm
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) 0.2-0.3 cun, b) 0.5 cun

Hou Xi (SI 3)

TRANSLATION:Back Stream
TYPE:Shu-stream, Wood, Tonification, Confluent point of the Governing Vessel
LOCATION:On the ulnar border of the hand, in a depresion proximal to the head of the fifth metacarpal bone
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion towards LI 3
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-2.0 cun

Wan Gu (SI 4)

TRANSLATION:Wrist Bone
TYPE:Yuan-source
LOCATION:On the ulnar border of the hand, in the depresion between the base of the fifth metacarpal bone and the triquetral bone
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.3-0.5 cun

Yang Gu (SI 5)

TRANSLATION:Yang Valley
TYPE:Jing-river, Fire, Horary
LOCATION:At the ulnar border of the wrist, in the depression between the styloid process of the ulna and the triquetral bone
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.3-0.5 cun

Yang Lao (SI 6)

TRANSLATION:Nourish the Old; Support the Aged
TYPE:Xi-cleft
LOCATION:Placing the palm of the hand on the chest, on the dorsal aspect of the head of the ulna, in the bony cleft level with and to the radial side of the high point of the styloid process of the ulna
NEEDLE INSERTION:45° or 20° distally or proximally
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Zhi Zheng (SI 7)

TRANSLATION:Branch from the Main; Branch of the Upright
TYPE:Luo-connecting
LOCATION:On the line joining SI 5 and SI 8, 5 cun above SI 5, in the groove between the anterior border of the ulna and the muscle belly of flexor carpi ulnaris
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Xiao Hai (SI 8)

TRANSLATION:Small Sea
TYPE:He-sea, Earth, Sedation
LOCATION:When elbow is flexed, in the depression between the tip of the olecranon process of the ulna and the tip of the medial epicondyle of the humerus
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 45° distal or proximal instertion, b) 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) 0.5-1.0 cun, b) 0.3-0.5 cun

Jian Zhen (SI 9)

TRANSLATION:Shoulder Integrity; True Shoulder
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the posterior aspect of the shoulder, 1 cun superior to the posterior axillary crease ahen the arm hangs in the abducted position
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Naoshu (SI 10)

TRANSLATION:Scapula's Hollow; Upper Arm Shu
TYPE:Meeting point of the Small Intestine meridian with the Urinary Bladder meridian, and the Yang Qiao and Yang Wei vessels
LOCATION:On the posterior aspect of the shoulder, in the depression inferior to the scapular spine, directly superior to the posterior axillary crease when the arm hangs in the abducted position
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Tian Zong (SI 11)

TRANSLATION:Heaven's Worship; Heavenly Gathering
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the scapula, in a tender depression one third of the distance from the midpoint of the inferior border of the scapular spine to the inferior angle of the scapula
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.5 cun

Bing Feng (SI 12)

TRANSLATION:Grasping Wind
TYPE:Meeting point of the Small Intestine meridian with the Large Intestine, Gall Bladder, and San Jiao meridians
LOCATION:In the center of the suprascapular fossa, directly above SI 11, in a depression formed when the arm is lifted
NEEDLE INSERTION:45° medial insertion towards spine
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Qu Yang (SI 13)

TRANSLATION:Crooked Wall
TYPE:
LOCATION:In a depression superior to the medial end of the suprascapular fossa, midway between SI 10 and the spinous process of the 2nd thoracic vertebra
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 90° insertion, b) 45° lateral insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) 0.3-0.5 cun, b) 0.5-1.0 cun

Jian Wai Shu (SI 14)

TRANSLATION:Outer Shoulder Hollow
TYPE:
LOCATION:3 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the first thoracic vertebra (GV 13)
NEEDLE INSERTION:45° medial insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Jian Zhong Shu (SI 15)

TRANSLATION:Middle Shoulder Hollow
TYPE:
LOCATION:2 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebra (GV 14)
NEEDLE INSERTION:45° medial insertion towards spine
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Tian Chuang (SI 16)

TRANSLATION:Heaven's Window; Heavenly Window
TYPE:Window of the Sky
LOCATION:On the lateral aspect of the neck, on the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoideus, level with the laryngeal prominence and posterosuperior to L I 18
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Tian Rong (SI 17)

TRANSLATION:Heavenly Appearance
TYPE:Window of the Sky
LOCATION:In the depression between the angle of the mandible and the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
NEEDLE INSERTION:Toward the root of the tongue, anterior to the carotid vessels
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Quan Liao (SI 18)

TRANSLATION:Cheekbone Opening
TYPE:Meeting point of the Small Intestine meridian with the San Jiao meridian
LOCATION:Directly below the outer canthus, in the depression at the lower border of zygomatic bone
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 5° insertion, b) 90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) joining ST 4, ST7, LI 20 or ST6, etc, b) 0.5-0.7 cun

Ting Gong (SI 19)

TRANSLATION:Palace of Hearing
TYPE:Meeting point of the Small Intestine meridian with the San Jiao and Gall Bladder meridians
LOCATION:In between the middle of the tragus and the condyloid process of the mandible, in the depression formed when the mouth is open
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun