Stomach Meridian 胃经

Cheng Qi (ST 1)

TRANSLATION: Contains Tears
TYPE: Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Ren vessel and the Yang Qiao vessel
LOCATION: With eye looking straight forward, the point is directly below pupil between eyeballs and infraorbital ridge
NEEDLE INSERTION: Ask patient to close eyes & look up. Use finger to push the eyeball up & insert the needle first slightly inferior, then 90° between the eyeball & the inferior wall of the orbit.
NEEDLE DEPTH: 0.5-1.0 cun

Si Bai (ST 2)

TRANSLATION:Four Whites
TYPE:
LOCATION:With eye looking straight forward, the point is 1 cun directly below pupil, in the depression at the infraorbital foramen
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 90° insertion, b. 5° insertion, c. 45° supero-laterally, along the infraorbital foramen
NEEDLE DEPTH:a. 0.2-0.4 cun, b. Join with SI 18, Yingxiang LI 20 etc., c. 0.3-0.5 cun

Ju Liao (ST 3)

TRANSLATION:Big Bone
TYPE:Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Yang Qiao vessel
LOCATION:With eye looking straight forward, the point is directly below pupil, evel with the blower border of the ali asi, on the lateral side of the naso-labial groove
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 90° insertion, b. 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a. 0.3-0.4 cun, b. Join with ST 4, SI 18, etc.

Di Cang (ST 4)

TRANSLATION:Earth Granary
TYPE:Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Large Intestine meridian, Yang Qiao vessel, and the Ren vessel
LOCATION:.4 cun lateral to corner of mouth
NEEDLE INSERTION:5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:Join with ST 6, LI 20, CV 24, etc.

Da Ying (ST 5)

TRANSLATION:Big Welcome
TYPE:
LOCATION:Directly anterior to the angle of the jaw, in a depression at the anterior border of the masseter muscle when the mouth is closed tightly
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 45° insertion, b. 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a. 0.3-0.5 cun, b. Join with ST 4, ST 6 etc.

Jia Che (ST 6)

TRANSLATION:Jaw Bone
TYPE:Ghost Point
LOCATION:One fingerbreadth anterior and superior to angle of mandible where masseter muscle attaches at prominence of muscle when teeth are clenched
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 90° insertion, b. 5° insertion, c. 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a. 0.5 cun, b. Join with ST 4, ST 5, ST 7, etc., c. Towards the upper or lower jaw (toothache)

Xia Guan (ST 7)

TRANSLATION:Lower Gate
TYPE:Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Gall Bladder meridian
LOCATION:At lower border of the zygomatic arch, in depression anterior to the condyloid process of mandible
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 90° insertion, b. 5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a. 0.5-1.0 cun slightly inferiorly, b. Join with SI 19, ST 6, SI 18, etc. for diseases of the ear, teeth, face & jaw

Tou Wei (ST 8)

TRANSLATION:Head Support
TYPE:Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Gall Bladder meridian and Yang Wei vessel
LOCATION:At the corner of the forehead, 4.5 cun lateral to GV 24 and .5 cun within anterior hairline
NEEDLE INSERTION:5° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Ren Ying (ST 9)

TRANSLATION:Man's Welcome
TYPE:Sea of Qi, Window of the Sky, meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Gall Bladder meridian
LOCATION:Tip of Adam's apple, turn head- on artery at carotid-- Be CAREFUL
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Shui Tu (ST 10)

TRANSLATION:Water Prominence
TYPE:
LOCATION:At the anterior margin of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, midway between ST 9 and ST 11
NEEDLE INSERTION:70° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun directed medially to avoid the carotid artery

Qi She (ST 11)

TRANSLATION:Qi's Residence
TYPE:
LOCATION:In the depression between the two heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, superior to the medial end of the clavicle, ST 9
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.3-0.5 cun

Que Pen (ST 12)

TRANSLATION:Empty Basin
TYPE:Meeting point of the Stomach meridian with the Large Intestine, Smal Intestine, San Jiao, and Gall Bladder meridians
LOCATION:In the supraclavicular area, posterior to the superior border of the clavicle, in the depression at the middle of the superior border of the clavicle and directly above the nipple, 4 cun lateral to the midline
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° along the posterior boarder of clavicle
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.3-0.5 cun

Qi Hu (ST 13)

TRANSLATION:Qi's Household
TYPE:
LOCATION:At the middle of the inferior border of the clavicle, directly below ST 12, 4 cun lateral to the midline
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 20° insertion laterally or medially, b. 5° insertion inferiorly along channel
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Ku Fang (ST 14)

TRANSLATION:Storehouse
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the chest, in the first intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 20
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 20° insertion laterally or medially along the intercostal space, b. 5° insertion superiorly or inferiorly along the channel
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Wu Yi (ST 15)

TRANSLATION:Room Screen
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the chest, in the second intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 19
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 20° insertion laterally or medially along the intercostal space, b. 5° insertion superiorly or inferiorly along the channel
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Ying Chuang (ST 16)

TRANSLATION:Breast Window
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the chest, in the third intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 18
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 20° insertion laterally or medially along the intercostal space, b. 5° insertion superiorly or inferiorly along the channel
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Ru Zhong (ST 17)

TRANSLATION:Middle of Breast
TYPE:
LOCATION:In the center of the nipple
NEEDLE INSERTION:N/A
NEEDLE DEPTH:N/A

Ru Gen (ST 18)

TRANSLATION:Breast Root
TYPE:
LOCATION:Directly below nipple, in the fifth intercostal space, 4 cun lateral to the midline
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 20° insertion laterally or medially along intercostal space, b. 5° superiorly or inferiorly along the channel
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Bu Rong (ST 19)

TRANSLATION:Not Contained
TYPE:
LOCATION:6 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 14
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-0.8 cun

Cheng Man (ST 20)

TRANSLATION:Support Fullness
TYPE:
LOCATION:5 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 13
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Liang Men (ST 21)

TRANSLATION:Beam Door
TYPE:
LOCATION:4 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 12
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Guan Men (ST 22)

TRANSLATION:Pass Gate
TYPE:
LOCATION:3 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 11
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion, * If patient is thin, deep needling may puncture peritoneal cavity
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Tai Yi (ST 23)

TRANSLATION:Great Unity
TYPE:
LOCATION:2 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 10
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Hua Rou Men (ST 24)

TRANSLATION:Door of Slippery Flesh
TYPE:
LOCATION:1 cun superior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 9
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Tian Shu (ST 25)

TRANSLATION:Heaven's Pivot
TYPE:Front Mu of Large Intestine
LOCATION:2 cun lateral to center of umbilicus
NEEDLE INSERTION:a. 90° insertion, b. 45° inferior insertion to treat uterus
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Wai Ling (ST 26)

TRANSLATION:Outer Tomb
TYPE:
LOCATION:1 cun inferior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 7
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Da Ju (ST 27)

TRANSLATION:Big Great
TYPE:
LOCATION:2 cun inferior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 5
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Shui Dao (ST 28)

TRANSLATION:Water Channel
TYPE:
LOCATION:3 cun inferior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 4
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Gui Lai (ST 29)

TRANSLATION:Returning
TYPE:
LOCATION:4 cun inferior to the umbilicus and 2 cun lateral to the midline, level with CV 3
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion, * If patient is thin, deep needling may puncture peritoneal cavity, * Deep needling can puncture full bladder; ask patient to urinate before tx.
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Qi Chong (ST 30)

TRANSLATION:Penetrating Qi
TYPE:Point of Sea of Water and Grain, Meeting point of the Stomach meridians with the Chong vessel
LOCATION:2 cun lateral to the midline, level with the superior border of the pubic symphysis (CV 2)
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Bi Guan (ST 31)

TRANSLATION:Thigh Gate
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the upper thigh, in a depression just lateral to the sartorius muscle when thigh is flexed, at the junction of a vertical line drawn downward from the anterior superior iliac spine, and a horizontal line drawn level with the lower border of the pubic symphysis
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45°
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-2.0 cun

Fu Tu (ST 32)

TRANSLATION:Hidden Rabbit
TYPE:
LOCATION:6 cun above the laterosuperior border of patella in rectus femoris muscle, in a depression on the line connecting anterior superior iliac spine and lateral border of patella
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45°
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-2.0 cun

Yin Shi (ST 33)

TRANSLATION:Yin's Market
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the thigh, on a line drawn between the lateral border of the patella and the anterior superior iliac spine, in a depression 3 cun proximal to the superior border of the patella when knee is flexed
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45°
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Liang Qiu (ST 34)

TRANSLATION:Beam Mound
TYPE:Xi-cleft
LOCATION:On the thigh, on a line drawn between the lateral border of the patella and the anterior superior iliac spine, in a depression 2 cun proximal to the superior border of the patella when knee is flexed
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45°
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Du Bi (ST 35)

TRANSLATION:Calf Nose
TYPE:
LOCATION:On the knee, in the depression formed when the knee is flexed, immediateley below the patella and lateral to the patellar ligament
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 90° insertion towards UB 40, b) 45° medial or superior direction, behind patella, c) Behind patellar ligament to join Xi Yan (MN-LE-16)
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-2.0 cun

Zu San Li (ST 36)

TRANSLATION:Leg Three Mile
TYPE:He-sea, Earth, Horary, Point of Sea of Water and Grain, Command point (abdomen), Heavenly Star
LOCATION:3 cun below ST 35 , one finger-breadth lateral to the anterior crest of tibia
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Shang Ju Xu (ST 37)

TRANSLATION:Upper Great Emptiness
TYPE:Lower He-sea of Large Intestine, Sea of Blood
LOCATION:3 cun below ST 36, one finger-breadth from anterior crest of tibia
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Tiao Kou (ST 38)

TRANSLATION:Narrow Opening
TYPE:
LOCATION:2 cun below ST 37, midway between ST 35 and ST 41, one finger-breadth lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Xia Ju Xu (ST 39)

TRANSLATION:Lower Great Emptiness
TYPE:Lower He-sea of Small Intestine, Sea of Blood
LOCATION:3 cun below ST 37, midway between ST 35 and ST 41, one finger-breadth lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Feng Long (ST 40)

TRANSLATION:Abundant Bulge
TYPE:Luo-connecting
LOCATION:On the lower leg, midway between ST 35 and ST 41, two finger-breadth lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia, one finger breadth lateral to ST 38
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:1.0-1.5 cun

Jie Xi (ST 41)

TRANSLATION:Stream Divide
TYPE:Jing-river, Fire, Tonification
LOCATION:On the ankle, level with the prominence of the lateral malleolus, in a depression between the tendons of extensor hallicus longus and extensor digitorum longus
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 90° insertion, b) 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) 0.5 cun, b) beneath tendons to join SP 5 or GB 40

Chong Yang (ST 42)

TRANSLATION:Rushing Yang
TYPE:Yuan-source
LOCATION:On the dorsum of the foot, in the depression formed by the junction of the second and third metatarsal bones and the cuneiform bones (second and third), 1.5 cun distal to ST 41, on the line drawn between ST 41 and ST 43, at the point where the pulsation of the dorsalis pedis artery may be palpated
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion* Be careful of artery beneath this poin
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.3-0.5 cun

Xian Gu (ST 43)

TRANSLATION:Sinking Valley
TYPE:Shu-stream, Wood
LOCATION:On the dorsum of the foot, between the second and third metatarsal bones, in a depression 1 cun proximal to ST 44
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.5-1.0 cun

Nei Ting (ST 44)

TRANSLATION:Inner Courtyard
TYPE:Ying-spring, Water, Heavenly Star
LOCATION:On the dorsum of the foot, between the second and third metatarsal toes, .5 cun proximal to the margin of the web
NEEDLE INSERTION:a) 90° insertion, b) 45° insertion directed proximally
NEEDLE DEPTH:a) 0.5 cun, b) 0.5-1.0 cun

Li Dui (ST 45)

TRANSLATION:Strict Exchange
TYPE:Jing-well, Metal
LOCATION:On the dorsal aspect of the second toe, at the junction of lines drawn along the lateral border of the nail and the base of the nail, approximately .1 cun from the corner of the nail
NEEDLE INSERTION:90° or 45° insertion directed proximally
NEEDLE DEPTH:0.1-0.2 cun